Multisensory Integration (PSYL10097)

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Multisensory Integration (PSYL10097)

Covering a variety of methodologies, this course will describe and evaluate the results of recent research on multisensory integration. First, the neural mechanisms underlying multisensory integration will be outlined. We will then examine the perception of multisensory events, the advantages afforded by the ability to combine different sensory modalities and the key determinants of intersensory interactions. Another key question addressed will be how multisensory interactions are linked to and modulated by attention. We will specifically consider the latest evidences assessing the role of exogenous and endogenous attentional mechanisms on crossmodal processes. In addition, we will also focus on recent research concerning how multisensory information is used to create multiple spatial representations of our body parts and of the spaces within which they can act. We will see how these representations that are used by the brain to guide body movements trough space show a considerable degree of plasticity. Finally, we will consider how the cortical system for perception may become radically reorganized after sensory deprivation or crossmodal rerouting of sensory projections and evaluate this surprising degree of cross-modal plasticity that characterize cortical processing.

Thursdays 11:10 - 13:00
Semester 2, Block 3
7 George Square, Room S.1
Lecture 1 Multisensory Integration
7 George Square, Room S.1
17/01/2019 - 11:10am to 1:00pm
Lecture 2. Multisensory perception
7 George Square, Room S.1
24/01/2019 - 11:10am to 1:00pm
Lecture 3. Crossmodal attention and multisensory integration
7 George Square, Room S.1
31/01/2019 - 11:10am to 1:00pm
Lecture 4. Multimodal representation of space and the body
7 George Square, Room S.1
07/02/2019 - 11:10am to 1:00pm
Lecture 5. Crossmodal plasticity and sensory deprivation
7 George Square, Room S.1
14/02/2019 - 11:10am to 1:00pm
Learning Outcomes: 

On successful completion of this course, students will be able to demonstrate knowledge of:

  • the brain mechanisms underlying multisensory integration
  • the perceptual and behavioural consequences of multisensory integration and the key determinants of these intersensory bindings
  • the role of attention on crossmodal perception and multisensory integration 
  • the multisensory brain's representation of the body and of peripersonal space
  • cortical plasticity across sensory modalities and the effects of sensory deprivation
References: 

 

Lecture 1. Multisensory Integration

  • Unimodal sensory systems:
    • Breedlove, S., Watson, N.V., Rosenzweig (2010). Biological Psychology (Sixth Edition). Sinauer. Chapters 9 - 10
    • Bear, M., Connors, B., & Paradiso, M. (2001). Neuroscience exploring the brain (third Edition). Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins. Chapters 9-12.
    • Or any other biological psychology text book
  • Multisensory integration:
    • Stein, B.E. & Stanford, T.R. (2008) Multisensory integration: current issues from the perspective of the single neuron. Nature Reviews Neuroscience 9: 255 – 266.
    • Driver and Noesselt (2008). Multisensory Interplay reveals crossmodal influences on sensory-specific brain regions, neural responses and judgments, Neuron 57, 11 – 23.
    • Spence, C. & Driver, J. (2004) Crossmodal Space and Crossmodal attention. Oxford: Oxford University Press. [chapter 2]
    • Calvert, G.A. & Thesen, T., (2004) Multisensory integration: methodological approaches and emerging principles in the human brain. Journal of Physiology.

Lecture 2. Multisensory perception

  • Spence, C. & Driver, J. (2004) Crossmodal Space and Crossmodal attention. Oxford: Oxford University Press. [chapter 7]
  • Driver & Spence (2000). Multisensory perception: Beyond modularity and convergence. Current Biology, 10, 731-735.
  • Alais, Newell & Mamassian (2010). Multisensory processing in review: from physiology to behaviour. Seeing and perceiving, 23, 3-38.

Lecture 3. Crossmodal attention and multisensory integration

  • Spence, C. & Driver, J. (2004) Crossmodal Space and Crossmodal attention. Oxford: Oxford University Press. [chapter 8, 9 & 10]
  • Spence (2000). Crossmodal spatial attention. Ann. N. Y. Acd. Sci.
  • Driver & Spence (1998). Attention and the cross-modal construction of space. Trends in cognitive science.
  • Driver & Spence (1998). Crossmodal attention. Current opinion in Neurobiology.

Lecture 4. Multimodal representation of space and the body

  • Spence, C. & Driver, J. (2004) Crossmodal Space and Crossmodal attention. Oxford: Oxford University Press. [chapter 3]
  • Knoblich et al., (Eds). 2006. Human body perception from inside out. Oxford: Oxford University Press. [chapter 3, 4 & 5]
  • Holmes & Spence, (2006). The body schema and the multisensory representation(s) of peripersonal space. Cognitive processing.
  • Maravita, Spence & Driver, (2003). Multisensory Integration and the Body Schema: Close to Hand and Within Reach. Current Biology.
  • Maravita & Iriki, (2004). Tools for the body (schema).  Trends in Cognitive Sciences.

Lecture 5. Crossmodal plasticity and sensory deprivation

  • Gazzaniga et al. (2009) Cognitive Neuroscience; pages 101–106; 202-203
  • Elbert & Rockstroh (2004) Reorganization of human cerebral cortex: the range of changes following use and injury. The Neuroscientist 10: 129-141
  • Ramachandran & Blakeslee (1998). Phantoms in the brain, Fourth Estate Limited
  • Noppeney (2007) The effects of visual deprivation on functional and structural organization of the human brain. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews 31: 1169-1180.
Additional Information: 

Assessment:

100% essay (maximum length 3000 words)

 

An electronic copy must be submitted through an own work declaration confirmation form and Turnitin link in Learn by the deadline. The electronic submission allows us to check for plagiarism and word count.

The submission deadline must be observed. Failure to comply with the deadline without good reason will incur mark penalties as follows:
 

  •   Up to 7 calender days, 5 marks per calender day will be deducted
  •   More than 7 calender days late a mark of zero will be given